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Professor John Woodward was also an influential member of the British Royal Society and his essay actually dealt with the evidence for Noah’s flood. One of his aims was to combat the then popular ideas of the ancient pagan Greek philosopher Aristotle that fossils were made inside the earth by mysterious forces, and were not the remains of real creatures at all. Scheuchzer’s 1708 pamplet actually had the large fish arguing in excellent Latin that fossils are not the “mineral offspring of stone and marl” but the true remains of previously living creatures. Scheuchzer aim was to give Biblical flood geology credibility in a Christian Europe still largely under the academic influence of ancient Greek pagan thought.
Baiers’ large number of Ammonites in ‘Nurnberg Petrology’, were assembled to not only show they were real shells and not freaks of nature, but that most fossils had resulted from Noah’s flood. The compelling Science of Scheuchzer and Baier forced people to accept that fossils were indeed the remains of previously live creatures and propelled Flood geology into main stream science. The science of fossils was now possible.
Ammonites were not named after the Biblical Ammonites (descendants of Abraham’s relative, Lot - Gen 19:38, Deut 2:20), but after an Egyptian god. The shape of their shells suggests the curling ram horns on the Egyptian god, Ammon. Ammon-ite means “Ammon stones”. Each year the creature in the shell would add a larger chamber to the front of the shell, and the animal would move into it. Where the new chamber joined the old one was an angular growth line. This produces the attractive patterns you can see on the outside of this fossil
By 1724, the creationist Ehrhart had shown that Ammonites were similar to modern day living Nautilus shells. The Ammonites, like their present-day nautilus cousins, possessed the ability to use gas pressure to produce neutral buoyancy inside empty shell chambers. This enabled them to rise or sink with ease, like a modern submarine. Man didn’t invent the submarine - God did!