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ADAPTABLE ORCHIDS USE EPIGENETICS

Science Report
...ology, physical characteristics and distribution.” Epigenetic changes do not alter the DNA code of the genes, but the effects can be inherited. The researchers claim epigenetic changes could enable plants to evolve rapidly without having to wait for mutations to change the structure and function of the plants, as traditional evolutionary theory says. The researchers wrote: “Our results strongly suggest a need to expand our current evolutionary framework to encompass a complementary epigenetic di...   Click here for more...

ANT AEROBATICS

Science Report
...be surprising if we see more beautifully evolved behaviours like this."

ED. COM. The behaviour may be beautiful (to an ant expert) and it may have survival value, but it requires a lot of faith to believe it came about by chance random mutations. Any mutation that made the ants' abdomens and legs the right aerodynamic shapes had at the same time to program its brain so it knew how to turn itself in the right direction to make use of its newly evolved shape. It is far more logical t...   Click here for more...

ANTI CREATIONIST DAWKINS REVEALS FAITH

Quote
...questions that arise from Darwin's theory.

JONATHAN MILLER: Something has to explain the novelties themselves.

RICHARD DAWKINS: Well, the novelties themselves, of course, are genetic variations in the gene pool which ultimately come from mutation and more proximately come from sexual re-combination. There's nothing very inventive or ingenious about those novelties, I mean they are random. And they mostly are deleterious - most mutations are bad. So you really need to focus on natural...   Click here for more...

AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES CAME FROM INDIA

Science Report
...ound central Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic tribes shared genetic traits otherwise only found in Australian aborigines. Rao explained: "Mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother and so allows us to accurately trace ancestry. We found certain mutations in the DNA sequences of the Indian tribes we sampled that are specific to Australian Aborigines. This shared ancestry suggests that the Aborigine population migrated to Australia via the so-called 'Southern Route' ". The “Southern Rou...   Click here for more...

As a generative principle

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‘As a generative principle, providing the raw material for natural selection, random mutation is inadequate both in scope and theoretical grounding.’ J. Wicken, Journal of Theoretical Biology, April 1979, p.349. ...   Click here for more...

BAFFLED MOLECULAR BIOLOGISTS

Science Report
...ow evolutionary theory is a hindrance, rather than help, to the advancement of science. A creationist would assume since there are so many non protein-coding genes they must have a purpose, and should be investigated. We predict that most apparently non-coding DNA bits will turn out to be functional despite the degeneration that has occurred since the Fall of Man and Noah's flood, which will have damaged some of our original DNA. (Ref. pseudogenes, genes, mutation) ...   Click here for more...

BAT AND DOLPHIN GENES CONVERGE

Science Report
...ower frequencies for their sonar, had a very similar, but not identical gene, to dolphins and echolocating bats. The researchers claim they have found an example of convergent evolution due to the prestin gene in bats and dolphins acquiring the same mutations needed for high frequency hearing. Convergent evolution is the explanation for a problem summarised in the ScienceDaily article: “if you draw a phylogenetic tree of bats, whales, and a few other mammals based on similarities in the prestin ...   Click here for more...

BIG STEP IN EVOLUTION OBSERVED

Science Report
...ges occurred in the skeletons of vertebrates.

ED. COM. The only change observed in this study is that one kind of fish, with pelvic bones and big spines, changed into the same kind of fish without pelvic bones and big spines. In other words, mutations of the bone regulating gene have resulted in decrease in complexity in the fish. This is the opposite of evolution. Being able to explain how structures are lost or diminished does not explain the evolution of new structures. Before Neil Sh...   Click here for more...

BLACK PARENTS HAVE WHITE BABY

Science Report
...y generations. The recessive disorder only becomes apparent when two recessive genes come together in the children of parents who are both carriers. As there is no family history of white skin in this baby’s parents’ families Prof. Sykes suggested a mutation has occurred in the new baby herself.
BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-10697682

ED. COM. The large variation in skin colour in different human races, ranging from bl...   Click here for more...

BLONDE HAIR EVOLVED TWICE

Science Report
...nde hair which has been claimed to be a genetic legacy from European explorers, traders and visitors to the Islands.
But an international team of scientists has compared the genes of dark haired and blonde haired Solomon Islanders and found a mutation that causes blonde hair in Solomon Islanders but not in Europeans. The Solomon Island blonde gene comes from a “missence mutation” of a gene named tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1) and is the result of substituting a C (cytosine) for a T ...   Click here for more...

BROKEN PROOFREADER CAUSES CANCER

Science Report
...mice with defective proofreading proteins and found they developed skin and gastro-intestinal cancers. They then crossed proofreading defective mice with others that had defects in the mismatch repair proteins and produced offspring with the highest mutation rate they had ever seen. These mice all died of cancer by 3 months of age. ED. COM. Mutations are supposed to be the source of new and better evolved organisms. However, none of the high mutation mice showed any sign of evolving into bett...   Click here for more...

CARNIVORES LOSE SWEET TASTE

Science Report
...story of the world, i.e. created perfection followed by degeneration. In the beginning all animals ate plants and had fully functioning taste genes. Following the Fall of Man and Noah’s Flood many animals have lost functional genes due to degenerate mutations as their genomes gradually collapse over time. It is interesting to note that the first scavengers are listed in Genesis just prior to the flood (Genesis 7 – “unclean” creatures) but the first carnivores are not listed till the days of Job ...   Click here for more...

CAVE FISH CLOCKS

Science Report
... researchers then studied genes for clock activity and photoreceptors (light receptors) in both fish to see how cave fish differed from normal sighted fish. They found the cave fish clock genes were normal, but the photoreceptor genes had truncation mutations – defects that cause the protein making machinery to stop before completing the light detecting proteins it was supposed to be making. The fact that the cave fish had functioning clock genes but could not make light detecting proteins would...   Click here for more...

CHEW ON THIS

Science Report
...involved in hunting and butchering was selective pressure to develop larger brains. Yet another is that hunting in groups requires good communication and forward planning and this stimulated the brain to grow.

The most recent theory is that a mutation in the jaw muscles of apes caused jaw muscles to become weaker and apes with weaker jaws took to eating meat rather than chewing tough leaves. This allowed the braincase to grow larger because it didn't have to support bulky jaw muscles. (s...   Click here for more...

CHIMPS AND HUMANS TASTE DIFFERENT

Science Report
...re accurate, but their explanation was wrong", reveals a common issue in the creation evolution debate. Many evolutionists’ observations of biological phenomena are accurate, but their explanation as evidence for evolution is not. Natural selection, mutations and adaptation are real processes that explain what happens to living organisms. However, such processes cannot explain how non living molecules turned into live scientists who study chimp and human genes. Creation Research Click here for more...

COUNCIL OF EUROPE CONDEMNS CREATIONISM

Science Report
...ence claimed for evolution by the Parliamentary Assembly is: “Evolution is present everywhere, from medical overprescription of antibiotics that encourages the emergence of resistant bacteria, to agricultural overuse of pesticides that causes insect mutations on which pesticides no longer have any effect.” It also claims “Advances in medical research with the aim of effectively combating infectious diseases such as AIDS are impossible if every principle of evolution is denied. One cannot be full...   Click here for more...

CREATIONISM IS JUNK MEDICINE

Science Report
... some virus combinations flourish because they are more successful at making people ill and spreading themselves is natural selection, but it is not evolution. It does not explain how viruses got their genes in the first place. Genetic changes, i.e. mutations, do occur in viruses but they don’t even change viruses into different viruses. They just change their already existing surface properties or growth rates. Mutations do cause sickle cell anaemia, all cancers and some cases of infertility an...   Click here for more...

DEFUNCT GENES FOR ALL

Science Report
... study has now been completed, involving partial analysis of the genomes of 876 individuals. The study included two detailed analyses of father-mother-child trios. From these results the team estimated “the rate of de novo germline base substitution mutations to be approximately 10(-8) per base pair per generation.” The team also concluded: “On average, each person is found to carry approximately 250 to 300 loss-of-function variants in annotated genes and 50 to 100 variants previously implicated...   Click here for more...

DEVIL DNA REVEALED

Science Report
...rnational team of researchers has analysed the DNA of 104 tumours from 69 animals and have worked out the tumour originated in a female animal over 15 years ago. They compared the cancer genome with the normal Tasmanian Devil genome and found 17,000 mutations. Researchers suspect some of the mutations involve immunity genes, which could explain how the tumour can be passed to other individuals. It is very rare for tumours to spread from one individual to another as immune systems normally recogn...   Click here for more...

DOG BREED DIVERSITY EXPLAINED

Science Report
...and may therefore be an important source of the extreme phenotypic variation present in modern day dogs." Matthew Webster of Trinity College Dublin, who took part in the research, commented to New Scientist, "Our findings highlight the importance of mutation in driving evolution. With weaker natural selection, you can get a lot more changes in proteins that can be important in the future of the species." Robert Wayne, an evolutionary biologist at John Hopkins University commented that mutations ...   Click here for more...

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